Saturday, December 26, 2009
In January, I plan to start a three part seris on films that were based on John O'Hara novels.
John O'Hara (January 31,1905-April 11, 1970, born in Pottsville, PA, had a long and distinguished literary career, most notably as a novelist and as a writer of short stories. Many of his stories were set in the coal mining region of Pennsylvania. He was unable to attend college due to the premature death of his father. A theme that would appear in this works. He worked as a reporter for various newspapers before moving to New York City, where he began to write short stories for magazines. In his early days he was also a film critic, a radio commentator, and a press agent; later, with his reputation established, he became a newspaper columnist. In the three and a half decades following the publication of his first novel, Appointment in Samarra, O'Hara wrote twelve novels, five novellas, fifteen collections of short stories, nine published or produced plays, three credited screenplays (along with several unproduced screenplays and uncredited work on a half-dozen other films), and three collections of essays. A Rage to Live, Pal Joey, Butterfield 8, and From the Terrace were turned into movies. More than 400 of his stories were published in magazines, including some 300 in The New Yorker.
Friday, December 25, 2009
Thursday, December 10, 2009
Humphrey Bogart .... Harry Dawes
Ava Gardner .... Maria Vargas
Edmond O'Brien .... Oscar Muldoon
Marius Goring .... Alberto Bravano
Valentina Cortese .... Eleanora Torlato-Favrini (as Valentina Cortesa)
Rossano Brazzi .... Count Vincenzo Torlato-Favrini
Elizabeth Sellars .... Jerry
Warren Stevens .... Kirk Edwards
Franco Interlenghi .... Pedro Vargas
Mari Aldon .... Myrna
Bessie Love .... Mrs. Eubanks
Diana Decker .... Drunken blonde
Bill Fraser .... J. Montague Brown
Alberto Rabagliati .... Nightclub proprietor
Enzo Staiola .... Busboy
Joseph L. Mankiewicz-Producer,Director and Screenwriter
Mario Nascimbene-Composer (Music Score)
Arrigo Equini-Art Director
Michael Waszynski-Associate Producer
Sorelle Fontana-Costume Designer
William W. Hornbeck-Editor
Charles Knott-Sound/Sound Designer
The story is that of a dancer, picked out of a night club in Madrid by a trio of Hollywood insiders who magical turn her into a movie star. At the height of her career, she gives it up to marry an Italian Count,but remains a simple, barefoot girl, at heart. There are echoes of Ernest Hemingway, of Scott Fitzgerald, of Dorothy Parker and of D. H. Lawrence in this film.
Gardner came out of near-poverty with no ambitions grander than becoming a secretary. She would have a very interesting life. In 1941, at age 18, she made a trip to New York to visit her older sister, who was dating a photographer. He took some pictures of her, put one in the window of his shop, where it was seen by an MGM messenger, who told his bosses about it. In the blink of an eye Gardner was signed by MGM.
On her first day at MGM, she would meet Mickey Rooney who pursued her relentlessly. He would be the first of three husbands-Mickey Rooney, Artie Shaw and Frank Sinatra. Bullfighters,CoStars and beach boys would become her lovers during between and after her marriages. While filming this movie in Italy she filed for seperation from Frank Sinatra. He would make repeated trips to try to win her back. While filming, she began a torid affair with Luis Miguel Dominguin, who in the 1950s was Spain's premier matador. It was at this time that she decided to Madrid.
Ernest Hemingway became a close friend (not a lover). He would teach her how to bullfight. A few years later she was involved in a horseback riding accident involving a bull. She was at an Andalusian bull ranch observing testing of the bulls and someone suggested that she hop on a stallion and ride into the ring.. Drunk on Cognac, and Absinth, she pranced around on the horse and then the bull charged them. The horse stopped, reared up and threw Ava to the ground. She landed face down on her right cheek. Her cheek became horribly swollen and bruised. Several months later, there were attempts to correct the damage to Ava's face. If you look at pictures of Ava after 1957 you will notice that on one side of her face she has two dimples below her cheek. It was the result of the corrective plastic surgery.
She would make her home in Spain until the mid sixties and then she moved to London permanently.
The flamenco scene was one of Gardner's favorites from her career. "Not only was I getting more and more intoxicated by the romantic rhythms of flamenco, but this was the first time I'd ever danced in a film, so I practiced every night on those cold Roman floors for three full weeks. We shot the scene in an olive grove in Tivoli, outside Rome, with 100 gypsies beating time to a phonograph record. When the phonograph broke, they kept right on beating and that was the take we used." She seemed to understand her character, saying "the only place she feels safe looking for love is back in the gutter where she came from." But she hated the way the film was promoted, "That damn advertising line, 'The World's Most Beautiful Animal' will probably follow me around until the end of time."
United Artist-Studio released the film was on September 29,1954.
Gardner is exquisitely lovely and beautifully gowned by the Italian couturier Fontana. At the premeire of her first film she wears a gorgeous blue satin gown. On the boat in the riviera, she dons a black velvet bathingsuit. Later, there is one particularly stunning strapless Pink/Lavender satin gown, beaded in black and white, and a bolero jacket with long trailing sleeves.
Growing up in North Carolina she really hated to wear shoes, just like Maria Vargas. Ava was a tomboy and would put her shoes in the mailbox in the morning and play in the country fields all day.
The statue that was made of Gardner during filming, would later be purchased by Frank Sinatra. He placed it in his garden at his Palm Springs home. Talk about being obsessed! When he married Barbara Marx, in the mid 1970's,the statue was mysteriously removed from the premises.
Harry Dawes: "What's the Spanish word for Cinderella?"
The film never clears this up, but it is Cenicienta.
Edmund O'Brien breathed so much credibility into the stock part of a Hollywood press agent that he won an Academy Award for best supporting actor of 1954. He also won a Golden Globe for this part.
Gardner was equally well served in The Barefoot Contessa (1954), which, in many ways, was a replay of her own rags-to-riches personal story. She is good in one or two moments—when she tells of a childhood in Madrid, and when she seeks the solace of her old friend, the director, in her last scene.
Bogart is really good as her "all knowing" fairy godfather. But I really think that Edmund O'brien steals the show as the anxious,sweaty Studio press agent.
Even though this film was not a critical success, I really enjoyed it. You girls out there will love the costumes and Ava looks stunning.
Sunday, December 6, 2009
Elizabeth Taylor-Angela Vickers
Montgomery Clift-George Eastman
Shelley Winters-Alice Tripp
Raymond Burr-Frank Marlowe
Lois Chartand-Marsha Eastman
Ted de Corsia-Judge
Kathryn Givney-Mrs. Louise Eastman
Herbert Heyes-Charles Eastman
Frieda Inescort-Mrs. Vickers
William Murphy-Mr. Whiting
Anne Revere-Hannah Eastman
Keefe Brasselle-Earl Eastman
Paul H. Frees-Rev. Morrison
George Stevens -Director and Producer
Charles C. Coleman, Jr-. First Assistant Director
Ivan Moffat -Associate Producer
Hans Dreier -Art Director
William C. Mellor -Cinematographer
Franz Waxman -Composer (Music Score)
Edith Head -Costume Designer
William W. Hornbeck -Editor
Pat Moore -Additional Editing
Wally Westmore -Makeup
Harry Brown -Screenwriter
Michael Wilson -Screenwriter
Emile Kuri -Set Designer
Gene Garvin -Sound/Sound Designer
Gene Merritt -Sound/Sound Designer
Gordon Jennings -Special Effects
Note: While watching this movie, look for a slow dissolve between scenes. It gives the film a ghostly quality.
At a formal party a few weeks later, Angela sees him shooting pool and strikes up a conversation. In the first minute of the movie she drives by him. She did not notice him hitchhiking in a t-shirt and jeans. In a nice suit, she now takes notice of the attractive ambitious George Eastman. Edith Head’s gorgeous famous white gown is showcased in this scene. It fits Elizabeth like a glove. It is probably one of the most famous scenes in 1950’s movie history.
George and Angela begin a love affair and now he is now caught in a love triangle. George's “place in the sun” seems assured, except that Alice doesn't want to let him go. Alice is also in “Trouble.” While dealing with Alice, Angela is constantly in his thoughts. Her image appears on billboards, newspaper articles and even a flashing sign outside of his bedroom window. While George tries to figure out how he can keep a charade going with Alice and still love his dream girl Angela, everything comes to a tragic head over Labor Day weekend at the Vicker's lakeside home.